Taking care of burnt skin can be tricky and it can do more harm than relief if it is not taken care of properly.
Burns are categorized by their severity such as first-degree burn, second-degree burn, third-degree burn, and fourth-degree burn. A first-degree burn is the least severe because it only affects the outer layer of the skin and usually causes mild pain, redness, and swelling. The second-degree burn affects deeper layers of the skin causing blisters and white, wet, and shiny skin. Whereas, the third-degree burns damage all the layers of the skin, and the fourth-degree burns involve the joints and bones. Third and fourth-degree burns are considered as medical emergencies and should only be treated in a hospital.
For First-Degree Burns (Affecting Top Layer of Skin)
Hold the burned skin area under cool (not cold) running water or immerse the affected area in cool water until the pain subsides.
Cover the area with sterile, non-adhesive bandage or clean cloth.
Take some painkillers if necessary.
For Second-Degree Burns and Third-Degree Burns
Immerse the affected area in cool water for 10 or 15 minutes.
Don't apply ice to the affected area as it can lower body temperature and cause further pain and damage.
Cover the area loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage and secure in place with gauze or tape.
Unless the person with the injury has a head, neck, or leg burn, or any other cause of discomfort, lay the person flat and give them enough space for air.