Menopause is the period in which a woman no longer experiences her menstrual flow. This occurs because the production of progesterone and estrogen hormones, which takes place in the ovaries, ends absolutely. Once this process is accomplished, pregnancy will no longer be probable because the eggs, which should be fertilized by sperm in order for the woman to conceive, will not be existing in the body anymore.
There is a fallacy that the few years before a woman's last menstrual period is also called menopause. However, this intermediate time frame is actually called perimenopause.
Can You Get Pregnant During Menopause?
The answer is affirmative. You can get pregnant in the course of menopause or during perimenopause. During the time of perimenopause, your menstrual cycle may become irregular, with your periods stopping and starting again in uneven time intervals. Hence, it is not safe to assume that you have reached your menopause once your menstruation stops, as you may only be experiencing the provisional phase. It is best to wait at least a year before finally assuming that you are indeed menopausal. It may be convenient to know that women habitually experience menopause at around 51 years old, even though some experience it at only 40 years and others as late as 55 years.
Furthermore, menopause is not guaranteed when your period stops because of other pre-existing medical conditions. The best way to tell whether you are indeed menopausal is to ask your doctor. It is highly sensible to check with your doctor so you can be convinced that you are indeed menopausal and not just experiencing perimenopause or some kind of medical condition.
After your menopause is through, your hormones will stop fluctuating and will be steady at low levels. If your doctor approves that you are indeed post-menopausal, you will no longer be able to conceive. This is because your ovaries will no longer have any eggs that may be released and become fertilized by sperm cells. Henceforth, you no longer need to worry about protection and contraception during intercourse.
While you are still in the process of undergoing your menopause, your ovaries still have a few remaining egg cells to release. This means that although it is unlikely, you may still be able to conceive a baby during the few times you ovulate. However, getting pregnant during this time can be challenging and uncommon too as the eggs your body releases may be old and unfit for a healthy pregnancy.