With sedentary lifestyle and junk
food becoming a common evil in our health, cardiac diseases have become a
household name in society today. As per recent studies, the age at which
cardiac ailments set in has come down to 30-60 years in recent years. Heart
attacks, however, happen in those people who have multiple risk factors like diabetes,
hypertension, family history of heart disease and smoking. If an individual
belongs to the above-mentioned age band, demonstrates one or more of these risk
factors along with any prevalent symptoms of heart attack, he/she should
immediately be taken to the hospital for investigations and treatment.
Heart attack can produce a lot of
symptoms which are not always very significant. But some of the symptoms are
very much typical for heart attack and one should keep them in mind especially
if they are in the high-risk category or have family members belonging to the
same. The symptoms that are typical of a
heart attack are mentioned below:
symptom specific to a heart attack of patients is typically retrosternal pain ie. any pain behind the sternum- right, left or center. Although central pain is the most significant symptom of heart attack, pain in right and left should also not be ignored.
we have associated heart attack with very
severe chest pain with sweating or vomiting or in some cases,
unconsciousness. But, they are present only in the minority. Majority of patients experience
discomfort in the chest or abdomen with
pressure or suffocating feeling.
Any discomfort in the chest,
which is new and not relieved within a span of 30mins, in spite of having antacids or lying flat, should be taken to be a possible symptom of heart attack and appropriate steps should be taken without much delay. An immediate visit to the hospital or specialist is inevitable for patients with these symptoms.
with heart attack, are quite often referred to cardiologists through gastroenterologists. These people experience upper abdominal distention and take it to be either gas or gall bladder issues, because of which they consult with a gastroenterology specialist. It is then that the gastroenterologist, on identifying the actual cause, immediately sends the patients to a cardiologist. This is mostly common in the case of diabetics.
patients, with a severe shoulder or
back pain ie. excruciating pain between both the shoulder blades, radiating to the front of the chest or
along the medial side of both of arms or up to little fingers. If such
a pain is felt and continues for more than 30minutes, one should ensure
that no time is lost and the doctor should immediately be consulted.
patients suffering from a heart attack, also come with a complaint of Jaw Pain, which typically affects
the lower jaw.
Any sudden development of any
symptoms, from the upper abdomen to lower jaw, and if it stays there for 20 minutes
or more, especially in a patient which high co-morbidities or high-risk factors
can be a symptom of chest pain. It is of prime importance for a patient with
chest pain or heart attack, is to immediately go to the hospital and get an ECG
done. Even if the first ECG is normal, one should again repeat an ECG after
half an hour. Sometimes it is very difficult to substantiate a heart attack
before 2-3 ECGs. Apart from ECG, other investigations like Biochemistry like
troponin and ECHO to support the diagnosis of a heart attack.